Employment Law is the part of the law that handles the relationship between an employer and his or her employees. This is to prevent discrimination, harassment and fair wages, and to protect safety in the workplace. Employment Law covers a wide range of issues, so we’ll explore and briefly discuss the different components that make up employment law.
For example, employers are required to fully compensate employees fairly for the time they have worked; in other words, if an employee works forty hours and works at the minimum level, then the employer must pay them minimum wage. Minimum wage laws vary by state, but in currently stands at $7.25 at the Federal level. A small majority of states, 29 to be exact, have minimum wage laws that are above the Federal level, while only three states, have it below the Federal level. The rest of the states have it as the $7.25 of the Federal level.
Employment law also exists to protect employees from discrimination. Discrimination is when someone is not given a job or is denied wages or benefits to their job based on their skin color, their age, country of origin, religion, or gender. Employment attorneys and lawyers will be the ones to protect employees from discrimination.
Wrongful dismissal is also protected under employment law. Wrongful dismissal is when a person loses their job in a way that is not allowed under their contract. This leads to obvious problems, since both the employer and the employee can interpret the terms of the contract in a different way.
Whistleblowing is also protected under employment law. A ‘whistleblower’, from where the term originates, is a person who tell authorities about the illegal practices of their employer or immediate superior. As a result of taking this kind of action, it’s common for employers accused of whistle blowing to promptly fire their employees, however, this kind of action is not allowed under employment law in almost all places. It may be wise to seek an employment law attorney before going to the authorities if you suspect your employer of illegal action.
Finally, employment law exists to protect safety in the workplace. This sets safety and health standards for all businesses in the United States, and if employers fail to meet these standards and put their employees and/or customers at harm, they will be firmly held responsible for violating the terms of the law.